Sergius II, (died July 1019), patriarch of Constantinople (1001–19) who claimed the title of “ecumenical patriarch” against the objections of the papacy. By 873, Emperor Basil no longer felt such a need for the approval of Rome, and his favor was turning to the moderates in Constantinople. The Pope was allowed to be primus inter pares , "first among equals," but that was it. Meletius was evicted from the Holy Land by Patriarch Dami… Ninth Century, Volume III - Church History:Ninth Century, The Mission of The Orthodox Church in America, the local autocephalous Orthodox Christian Church, is to be faithful in fulfilling the commandment of Christ to “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…”, Founded in 1794 — Granted Autocephaly in 1970. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. He is noted for disputing with Pope Leo IX over church practices in respect of which the Roman Church differed from Constantinople, especially the use of unleavened bread in the Eucharist. Although Constantinople (Istanbul) is now under Muslim rule, the Patriarch has remained in Istanbul and has kept his symbolic authority over Orthodox Christians ever since the conquest of Mehmet II in 1453. A story that Pope Sergius IV (1009–12) sent Sergius II the Synodicon, a letter insisting on the Latin Trinitarian teaching that the Holy Spirit relates to both Father and Son (Filioque), thus initiating the Eastern schism when Patriarch Sergius reacted by erasing the pope’s name from the Byzantine prayer intercessions, is the invention of 12th-century controversialists. The extremists of the so-called conservative party were not satisfied. He was a man of many talents. Pope Francis greets Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople outside the Basilica of St. Nicholas in Bari, Italy, July 7, 2018. Abbot of a monastery in Constantinople, Sergius II was elected patriarch about July 1001. For nearly two centuries this council was considered by Rome to be the Eighth Ecumenical Council. The patriarch of Constantinople, headquartered in Istanbul, is technically the Eastern Orthodox leader. Vigilius, who was a Papal representative in Constantinople before his election as Pope, ascended the Papal Throne of Rome with the assistance of the Empress Theodora. To make this point, he decided to try to have Ignatius restored as patriarch of Constantinople. The Pope, on the other hand, is the head of the Within the Coptic church, the patriarch of Alexandria is normally styled Pope ~; within the Eastern Orthodox church, their separate patriarch of Alexandria is formally titled Pope of Alexandria but referred to as such only in the liturgy and official documents. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sergius-II-patriarch-of-Constantinople. Pope John VIII (r. 872–882) was not pleased with this council’s decisions, but for the sake of peace in the Church he accepted them. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. In relations with the West, Saint Photius defended the authentic Church Tradition in confrontation with the exaggerated claims and unwarranted interference of Pope Nicholas, while ultimately preserving unity with the Roman Church and Pope John VIII. Home / As is tradition, Pope Francis sent a letter on this November 30 feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, to Patriarch Bartholomew, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople… Pope Vigilius came to Constantinople in 547 during a period of theological upheaval. Four years later, in 867, Photius finally responded by calling a major council of five hundred bishops meeting in Constantinople. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In its disputed 28th Canon, the Council of Chalcedon in 451 recognized an expansion of the boundaries of the Patriarchate of Constantinople and of its authority over bishops of dioceses "among the barbarians", which has been variously interpreted as referring either to areas outside the Byzantine Empire or to non-Greeks. And we recall that he also guided the mission to the Slavs by sending Saints Cyril and Methodius to Moravia in 863. He was a compiler and reviewer of both classical and patristic writings. His education was aimed for a career in the politically charged civil service, but in 1040, he was tonsured a monk.Three years later he was appointed patriarch of the Church of Constantinople by Emperor Constantine IX (Monomachus). Site Map | By Robin Gomes . As a leader of Eastern Christianity, the patriarch of Constantinople represented a clear challenge to the universalist claims of Rome. Later in 867, Basil I the Macedonian (r. 867–886) usurped the throne from Emperor Michael III, who was assassinated. He was tonsured with the name Meletius and ordained a hierodeacon in 1892. In what Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople described as a "brave and bold" gesture, Pope Francis gave the patriarch a … One of patriarch of constantinople and pope greatest bishops in Christian history the previous councils of 863 in Rome, Pope rejected... 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